WHAT IS THE ENDOCANNABINOID SYSTEM?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a system that helps to regulate and modulate a variety of different bodily functions like pain perception, sleep, immune system responses, appetite, stress and more
The ECS is regulated by our endocannabinoids, like Anandamide and 2-AG via endocannabinoid receptors found all throughout our body. Endocannabinoids are chemical messengers made by our body that are part of our endocannabinoid system and help keep our bodies in homeostasis.
Phytocannabinoids like THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol) are compounds that have been found to interact with, and directly influence, the endocannabinoid system.
WHAT ARE CANNABINOIDS?
Cannabinoids are class of chemical compounds that activate our endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids are compounds naturally produced by our bodies, whereas phytocannabinoids, like CBD, are cannabinoids naturally present in the cannabis plant. CBD is one of the two most abundant cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. With over 110 different cannabinoids discovered in cannabis, it is one of the most well-known due to its purported health and medical benefits. Commonly extracted from hemp varieties, it can be found in different concentrations in most cannabis plants.
WHAT IS CANNABIS?
The scientific name for the cannabis plant is Cannabis sativa L. Fam. Cannabaceae, with the family name encompassing both hemp and marijuana cannabis plants. The cannabis plant has been with humanity for centuries, with the first documented example of cannabis textile dated back over 10,000 years ago. It’s first medical use was recorded back in 2,737 BC and has since been used by a wide variety of cultures and countries medicinally up until prohibition in the 1920’s. Since then, Cannabis has shown to have a huge array of industrial applications, from paper, food, medicine, biodegradable plastics, fuel, construction, textiles and more. The medical application of the Cannabis plant and cannabinoids themselves have now garnered the attention of the scientific community, with an increasing number of research and clinical trials being conducted to inform future recommendations for its medical applications.